Safe Area Gorazde is an account of a journalist/cartoonist visiting Bosnia during the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1992-1995. Gorazde then was a UN designated safe area surrounded by Serb controlled territory and was on the verge of obliteration many times during the war.
The book is beautifully illustrated. The most fascinating drawings were not the ones depicting the destruction in Gorazde but its people. A book on the war in Bosnia without drawings would need many many more words. The emotions on the faces say more than the words.
I guess it is difficult to maintain a journalistic tone when you have been in such close proximity to the people for an extended time. Joe Sacco is fairly opinionated, but it works I think. The story is told mostly from a muslim point of view. It was shocking how the Serbs who were apparently at ease with muslims for generations right up to the war, turned on their neighbors overnight – burnt their houses, even murdered them in many cases. I wish there was more exploration of that aspect in this book. The actions of the Serbs is portrayed as confounding, incomprehensible.
The UN does not come out looking good here. Serbians violated the terms of the safe zone multiple times and the UN acted only when the very existence of Gorazde was threatened. The UN has to walk a very thin line – for the concept of the UN to work, projecting neutrality is critical, otherwise it would be fighting wars regularly and there is no way for the member nations to make that work politically. Some of the implied criticism seems unfair too me.
The topic of book is serious, but the tone of the book is not uniformly serious. Joe Sacco pokes fun at himself for being treated like royalty by people undergoing such hardships. Americans are kept in surprisingly high regard in Bosnia; it’s certainly distinct from the rest of Europe . Perhaps it was due to the war and things have changed now?
This was my first ‘comic book’, a friend gifted this in the hope of someone appreciating graphic non-fiction. I did not know much about the ethnic conflict before reading the book. It was shocking to learn that such atrocities were committed in Europe ! This was a great intro to the genre, but I think in future I’ll stick to less serious topics for my ‘comic books’.